HTML Tags

Basic Tags

<html></html> Creates an HTML document

 

<head></head> Sets off the title and other information that isn't displayed on the Web page itself

<body></body> Sets off the visible portion of the document

Header Tags

<title></title> Puts the name of the document in the title bar

Body Attributes

<body bgcolor=?> Sets the background color, using name or hex value

<body background="image source?">Sets a background image (image source? Should be the file name & path)

<body text=?> Sets the text color, using name or hex value

<body link=?> Sets the color of links, using name or hex value

<body vlink=?> Sets the color of followed links, using name or hex value

<body alink=?> Sets the color of links on click

Text Tags

<pre></pre> Creates preformatted text

<hl></hl> Creates the largest headline

<h6></h6> Creates the smallest headline

<b></b> Creates bold text

<i></i> Creates italic text

<tt></tt> Creates teletype, or typewriter-style text

<cite></cite> Creates a citation, usually italic

<em></em> Emphasizes a word (with italic or bold)

<strong></strong>  Emphasizes a word (with italic or bold)

<font size=?></font> Sets size of font, (from 1 to 7)

<font color=?></font> Sets font color, using name or hex value

Links

<a href="URL"></a> Creates a hyperlink

<a href="mailto:EMAIL"></a> Creates a mailto link

<a name="NAME"></a> Creates a target location within a document

<a href="#NAME"></a> Links to that target location from elsewhere in the document

Formatting

<p></p> Creates a new paragraph

<p align=?> Aligns a paragraph to the left, right, or center

<br> Inserts a line break

<blockquote></blockquote>  Indents text from both sides

<dl></dl> Creates a definition list

<dt> Precedes each definition term

<dd> Precedes each definition

<ol></ol> Creates a numbered list

<li></li> Precedes each list item, and adds a number

<ul></ul> Creates a bulleted list

<div align=?> A generic tag used to format large blocks of HTML, also used for stylesheets

Graphical Elements

<img src="name"> Adds an image

<img src="name" align=?> Aligns an image: left, right, center; bottom, top, middle

<img src="name" border=?> Sets size of border around an image

 

Graphical Elements cont.

<hr> Inserts a horizontal rule

<hr size=?> Sets size (height) of rule

<hr width=?> Sets width of rule, in percentage or absolute value

<hr noshade> Creates a rule without a shadow

 Tables

<table></table> Creates a table

<tr></tr> Sets off each row in a table

<td></td> Sets off each cell in a row

<th></th> Sets off the table header (a normal cell with bold, centered text)

Table Attributes

<table border=#> Sets width of border around table cells

<table cellspacing=#>
Sets amount of space between table cells

<table cellpadding=#>
Sets amount of space between a cell's border and its contents

<table width=# or %>
Sets width of table in pixels or as a percentage of document width

<tr align=?> or <td align=?>
Sets alignment for cell(s) (left, center, or right)

<tr valign=?> or <td valign=?>  Sets vertical alignment for cell(s) (top, middle, or bottom)

<td colspan=#> Sets number of columns a cell should span

<td rowspan=#>  Sets number of rows a cell should span (default=1)

<td nowrap> Prevents the lines within a cell from being broken to fit

A simple web page can be created in a text editor (e.g. notepad) using these tags as the basic structure. ___________________________________________________________________________ <html>
<head>
<title>My First Webpage</title>
</head>
<body> Hello World!!!
</body>
</html> ___________________________________________________________________________ Try making some test pages using tags from the table above. Remember that only text that IS NOT enclosed by angled brackets will be displayed on your page.