This Day in History
last updated: Sun, 15 Oct 2017 05:00:00 GMT

Olympic Medalists Create Furor with Black Power Salute (1968)
The silent protest of two black American athletes at the 1968 Olympics in Mexico City was an iconic and controversial statement. Sprinters Tommie Smith and John Carlos received their medals shoeless to draw attention to black poverty in America, and they performed the Black Power salute as their national anthem played. They were booed by the crowd and were later expelled from the staunchly apolitical games. Smith saluted with his right hand. Why was Carlos forced to salute with his left? Discuss

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BBC On This Day | Front Page
last updated: Thu, 14 Nov 2002 17:55:28 GMT

1983: US troops invade Grenada
American forces seize control of the Caribbean island of Grenada less than a week after a left-wing coup in which the prime minister, Maurice Bishop, was killed.

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October 16, 1934: The Long March

The embattled Chinese Communists break through Nationalist enemy lines and begin an epic flight from their encircled headquarters in southwest China. Known as Ch’ang Cheng—the “Long March”—the retreat lasted 368 days and covered 6,000 miles, nearly twice the distance from New York to San Francisco.

Civil war in China between the Nationalists and the Communists broke out in 1927. In 1931, Communist leader Mao Zedong was elected chairman of the newly established Soviet Republic of China, based in Kiangsi province in the southwest. Between 1930 and 1934, the Nationalists under Chiang Kai-shek launched a series of five encirclement campaigns against the Soviet Republic. Under the leadership of Mao, the Communists employed guerrilla tactics to resist successfully the first four campaigns, but in the fifth, Chiang raised 700,000 troops and built fortifications around the Communist positions. Hundreds of thousands of peasants were killed or died of starvation in the siege, and Mao was removed as chairman by the Communist Central Committee. The new Communist leadership employed more conventional warfare tactics, and its Red Army was decimated.

With defeat imminent, the Communists decided to break out of the encirclement at its weakest points. The Long March began at 5:00 p.m. on October 16, 1934. Secrecy and rear-guard actions confused the Nationalists, and it was several weeks before they realized that the main body of the Red Army had fled. The retreating force initially consisted of 86,000 troops, 15,000 personnel, and 35 women. Weapons and supplies were borne on men’s backs or in horse-drawn carts, and the line of marchers stretched for 50 miles. The Communists generally marched at night, and when the enemy was not near, a long column of torches could be seen snaking over valleys and hills into the distance.

The first disaster came in November, when Nationalist forces blocked the Communists’ route across the Hsiang River. It took a week for the Communists to break through the fortifications and cost them 50,000 men—more than half their number. After that debacle, Mao steadily regained his influence, and in January he was again made chairman during a meeting of the party leaders in the captured city of Tsuni. Mao changed strategy, breaking his force into several columns that would take varying paths to confuse the enemy. There would be no more direct assaults on enemy positions. And the destination would now be Shensi Province, in the far northwest, where the Communists hoped to fight the Japanese invaders and earn the respect of China’s masses.

After enduring starvation, aerial bombardment, and almost daily skirmishes with Nationalist forces, Mao halted his columns at the foot of the Great Wall of China on October 20, 1935. Waiting for them were five machine-gun- and red-flag-bearing horsemen. “Welcome, Chairman Mao,” one said. “We represent the Provincial Soviet of Northern Shensi. We have been waiting for you anxiously. All that we have is at your disposal!” The Long March was over.

The Communist marchers crossed 24 rivers and 18 mountain ranges, mostly snow-capped. Only 4,000 troops completed the journey. The majority of those who did not perished. It was the longest continuous march in the history of warfare and marked the emergence of Mao Zedong as the undisputed leader of the Chinese Communists. Learning of the Communists’ heroism and determination in the Long March, thousands of young Chinese traveled to Shensi to enlist in Mao’s Red Army. After fighting the Japanese for a decade, the Chinese Civil War resumed in 1945. Four years later, the Nationalists were defeated, and Mao proclaimed the People’s Republic of China. He served as chairman until his death in 1976.

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Twitter / WorldHistory101
last updated: Fri, 09 Sep 2011 19:33:08 +0000

WorldHistory101: More great resources: the History Channel http://t.co/P0yDU4P the Library of Congress http://t.co/3GGXZtg & Wikipedia http://t.co/Vx3B2wy
WorldHistory101: More great resources: the History Channel http://t.co/P0yDU4P the Library of Congress http://t.co/3GGXZtg & Wikipedia http://t.co/Vx3B2wy

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WorldHistory101: For "This Day in History" facts, the New York Times is a great source: http://t.co/6sV9CbC Also, the BBC: http://t.co/auydR7v
WorldHistory101: For "This Day in History" facts, the New York Times is a great source: http://t.co/6sV9CbC Also, the BBC: http://t.co/auydR7v

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WorldHistory101: "Are you guys ready? Let's roll." — Todd Beamer, one of the heroic passengers on United Flight 93 http://t.co/dchlJQC http://t.co/hocr1Qm
WorldHistory101: "Are you guys ready? Let's roll." — Todd Beamer, one of the heroic passengers on United Flight 93 http://t.co/dchlJQC http://t.co/hocr1Qm

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WorldHistory101: I join with all those who honor the memory of the 3,000 innocent victims of 9/11. http://t.co/W88HACq http://t.co/ezumwsb
WorldHistory101: I join with all those who honor the memory of the 3,000 innocent victims of 9/11. http://t.co/W88HACq http://t.co/ezumwsb

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WorldHistory101: RT @newsman787 RT @LATimesbiz: Twitter: 100 million active users and no plans to go public soon http://t.co/WIvedNd
WorldHistory101: RT @newsman787 RT @LATimesbiz: Twitter: 100 million active users and no plans to go public soon http://t.co/WIvedNd

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WorldHistory101: #FF For the facts (& informed opinion): @SteveSebelius @RalstonFlash @elizcrum @JonHumbert @Mitch_Fox @EdwardLawrence @HistoryNevada
WorldHistory101: #FF For the facts (& informed opinion): @SteveSebelius @RalstonFlash @elizcrum @JonHumbert @Mitch_Fox @EdwardLawrence @HistoryNevada

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WorldHistory101: Born September 9: Leo Tolstoy (1828-1910), one of the world's greatest novelists ("War and Peace", "Anna Karenina"). http://t.co/R8iMVow
WorldHistory101: Born September 9: Leo Tolstoy (1828-1910), one of the world's greatest novelists ("War and Peace", "Anna Karenina"). http://t.co/R8iMVow

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WorldHistory101: The first of two Japanese air attacks on the U.S. mainland during World War II was carried out on this day in 1942. http://t.co/me2vs63
WorldHistory101: The first of two Japanese air attacks on the U.S. mainland during World War II was carried out on this day in 1942. http://t.co/me2vs63

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WorldHistory101: 85 years ago today, @NBC (the National Broadcasting Company) was created by RCA (the Radio Corporation of America). http://t.co/Hy7T1SE
WorldHistory101: 85 years ago today, @NBC (the National Broadcasting Company) was created by RCA (the Radio Corporation of America). http://t.co/Hy7T1SE

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WorldHistory101: On this day in 1919, more than two-thirds of Boston's police department went on strike. http://t.co/fusqLFS http://t.co/dA7Dqgf
WorldHistory101: On this day in 1919, more than two-thirds of Boston's police department went on strike. http://t.co/fusqLFS http://t.co/dA7Dqgf

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WorldHistory101: The Stono Rebellion, the largest slave revolt in the colonies before the Revolution, broke out on this day in 1739. http://t.co/h9q2zoN
WorldHistory101: The Stono Rebellion, the largest slave revolt in the colonies before the Revolution, broke out on this day in 1739. http://t.co/h9q2zoN

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WorldHistory101: On this day in 1993, Israel and the PLO formally recognized each other's legitimacy. http://t.co/XM5l9U3 http://t.co/Iewqvmp
WorldHistory101: On this day in 1993, Israel and the PLO formally recognized each other's legitimacy. http://t.co/XM5l9U3 http://t.co/Iewqvmp

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WorldHistory101: The Attica (New York) prison riot, the deadliest in U.S. history, broke out 40 years ago today. http://t.co/9JjOxQu http://t.co/PfbAwbA
WorldHistory101: The Attica (New York) prison riot, the deadliest in U.S. history, broke out 40 years ago today. http://t.co/9JjOxQu http://t.co/PfbAwbA

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WorldHistory101: On this day in 1965, Sandy Koufax of the L.A. Dodgers pitched his only perfect game (his fourth no-hitter). http://t.co/LPL010W
WorldHistory101: On this day in 1965, Sandy Koufax of the L.A. Dodgers pitched his only perfect game (his fourth no-hitter). http://t.co/LPL010W

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WorldHistory101: On this day in 1957, Pres. Eisenhower signed into law the first Federal civil rights legislation since Reconstruction. http://t.co/lrISi6n
WorldHistory101: On this day in 1957, Pres. Eisenhower signed into law the first Federal civil rights legislation since Reconstruction. http://t.co/lrISi6n

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WorldHistory101: On this day in 1956, Elvis Presley made his first appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show. http://t.co/Fbapg2m
WorldHistory101: On this day in 1956, Elvis Presley made his first appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show. http://t.co/Fbapg2m

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WorldHistory101: Esther Cleveland, the only U.S. President's child born in the White House, was born on this day in 1893. http://t.co/yOYRbnC
WorldHistory101: Esther Cleveland, the only U.S. President's child born in the White House, was born on this day in 1893. http://t.co/yOYRbnC

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WorldHistory101: On this day in 1850, California was admitted as the union's 31st state. http://t.co/ys0T7u1 http://t.co/83XwPJf
WorldHistory101: On this day in 1850, California was admitted as the union's 31st state. http://t.co/ys0T7u1 http://t.co/83XwPJf

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WorldHistory101: On this day in 1791, Washington, D.C. was named in honor of George Washington. http://t.co/QQgjRRM http://t.co/dildGEM
WorldHistory101: On this day in 1791, Washington, D.C. was named in honor of George Washington. http://t.co/QQgjRRM http://t.co/dildGEM

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WorldHistory101: On this day in 1776, the Continental Congress officially declared the nation's name to be the United States of America. http://t.co/CMSRmm5
WorldHistory101: On this day in 1776, the Continental Congress officially declared the nation's name to be the United States of America. http://t.co/CMSRmm5

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